A CNC router, also known as CNC Milling machine is a computerized Numerical Controlled machine that allows you to cut various materials using a 3D cutting CAD/CAM software. The CAD/CAM converts your design in to a tool path so that your machine can create 3D shapes. It can cut various types of material, including wood, foam, plastics and metals. When conversing concerning the axis of the router we refer to the movement of the CNC 3040 that it rotates. When talking regarding the axis we make reference to a fixed imaginary line for the measurement of the coordinates through which the router will cut.
It could rotate X, Y, and Z meaning that the equipment can move right to left horizontally (X-axis), front to back horizontally (Y-axis) and vertically up and down (Z-axis), in addition to around itself. The working tool also provide an X-Y-Z axis motion. Adding rotation movements in other directions on top of that and you will have a 4 or a 5-axis machine or more.
In simple terms, a 3-axis router involves moving the cutting tool along 3 different axis, which makes it suitable for parts and prototypes which are not too deep. A 4-axis router adds another rotary axis movement called “A axis”, and a 5-axis CNC router involves movement of the cutting tool along 5 different axis simultaneously (2 additional axis).
There exists a conception more and more complex cuts are only able to be produced using the 5 or more axis machine, but will it be a misconception or otherwise not? We will be able to perform almost any cut using a 3-axis router, even more complex shapes. However, the five-axis is able to machine on all five sides of a piece simultaneously, thus contributes to the flexibleness and capabilities of the machine operator, shortening machining time. For example, trying to machine a game dice, if using a 3-axis router, the equipment will only be in a position to cut one side from the dice in a single operation. The operator will likely then need to turn the dice to machine one other sides, conducting a new set-up, occasionally needing to alter the tool bit. Employing a 5-axis, the device can cut all 5 sides from the dice at the same time, needing to turn the dice only one more hours for that 6th face.
Getting the additional 2 axis along with a larger x-axis on the 5-axis CNC router allows to shorten the project time as well as in order to handle larger parts, but concurrently, having a longer x-axis may result in less stability and accuracy and demands the entire attention in the operator. So, on one hand we have machines that can create certain more advanced shapes faster, thus is much more efficient, but at the same time, those are less affordable and much more complicated machines to operate and sustain.
So, the amount of axis of a CNC router machine do we need? The preference depends on the particular manufacturing application needed and the outcome required. Below are a few instances where 5-axis router could be used spanning a 3 or 4-axis:
You have an unusual out of the norm shaped piece to make. If you may need greater cutting speed (A 5-axis you are able to perform cut in just one single set-up as opposed to having to stopping and starting the tool repeatedly with a 3-axis, turning the design to machine it on every side)
If you wish to spend less on working area (One single 5-axis machine can replace several 3-axis machines running simultaneously). There are occasions where having a 5-axis CNC router is not enough and rather, you would probably need a 3-D printer or both. Sometimes, a 3-D printer is easier to use and it has less limitations when creating a shape, however it is less precise than a router and is limited using the material it may use, mostly limited to thermoplastics and resin.
The end result is that you receive similar quality results with both 3-axis and 5-axis routers, however, if speed is of any major essence, you might want to think about the 5-axis. Remember the most recent requires more challenging operation, leads to more damage, and it is more expensive.
For those who have a 3D model you want to design and it is either too large or too thick to be machined because of height or cutter length restrictions or the foam material not being thick enough, the design can be sliced into sections. Each slice will be machined separately using the router and so the pieces can be glued together. The machined parts may then be sanded and coated with protective hard shell and painted, that can also look after eliminating any visible grooves as a result of gluing. Routers can also be used to create molds that will later be poured with concrete or polyurethane along with other casting materials.
CNC routers range from a few inches of working area completely approximately 50 feet in size. Every router works with a spindle – this is the motor that is certainly doing the particular cutting. Router’s spindles range between 1HP (horse power) to 20HP and above, plus they can hold end mills (the driller) from 1/16″ up to 2″ and above. Different materials require different end mills and various cutting speeds. The denser the fabric the slower the cutting speed.
If you wish to develop a foam shape design that is large or even full scale use a small model, scan it using a 3D scanner then transport it in to the CNC router for machining, using a specialty cutting phksdb that generates the part file. Utilizing the scanner allows you to convert any regular model to your live-size design. Any model could be scanned – a face, a sculpture, an automobile toy, train, boat, plain and anything you need larger. You do not have to visualize and imagine the way the 3D model will look like – the scanner will it for you.
The company is a manufacturer and distributor of CNC hot wire foam cutters, laser cutters and CNC routers. The machines cut various foam including EPS, XPS, EPP, RenShapes, urethane, tooling foam, EVA, polyurethane, MDF, in addition to acrylics, plastics, wood and light-weight metals. Through its subsidiary company, WeCutFoam the organization can also be providing foam cutting, machining and prototyping services creating signs, logo, dimensional letters, props, exhibits, displays, prototypes and much more.
Jinan Quick CNC Router Co., Ltd. was founded in 2006, “Quick-Fulltek” is our subsidiary brand which was built in 2012. We have been producing and exporting CNC machines since 2006.Our company locates in Lingang economic develepment zone in Gaoxin district in Jinan, factory floor space is more than 15,000 square meters. We have more than 300 workers including 25 professional designers, 35 experienced after sale service engineers and 20 sales persons.
JINAN QUICK-FULLTEK CNC MACHINERY CO., LTD.
Address:No. 3600, West Airport Road,Gaoxin District, Jinan, China.
TEl : +86-531-85719477e
Mbl : +86-15628788693